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The Crucible - Seniors (Age 12+) - Lesson 1 - Introduction 1

Updated: Oct 25, 2022

The Crucible was written by Arthur Miller

The Crucible was written in America in the 1950s, but it's set in the 17th Century.

It's one of many plays written by Arthur Miller, a famous American playwright. We'll look more into Miller's work later, but have you heard of Arthur Miller? Do you know any of his other plays? Have you seen any of his works on stage?

The play is a tragedy - it has serious themes and the story follows the downfall of the play's main character, John Proctor.

It's also a historical drama, which means that the characters and action in the play are based on real people and real events.

We need to know the key features of The Crucible before we perform the play on stage. Aspects like the play's 17th-century setting and its genres might influence how the play is performed and designed.

The plot is based on real witch-hunts

The Crucible tells the story of witch trials in Salem village in America in 1692.

Although it's based on real events and real people, its a fictional account of what happened.

Miller chose to write about the Salem witch trials because they shared similarities with modern-day witch-hunts that were happening in America when he was writing (more on this in later lessons). Both sets of witch-hunts were motivated by fear and paranoia.

This is the play's subtext - it was too dangerous for Miller to criticise the modern-day witch-hunts directly, so he wrote about Salem instead and allowed audiences to make the connection.

Miller also used the Salem witch trials to make a wider point about how easily lies and fear can spread in any society.

It's a play about fear and intolerance

Many of the play's themes focus on how people behave and the consequences of their actions:

  1. Fear - Miller shows that fear brings out the worst in people and causes them to lose common sense.

  2. Intolerance - Anyone who doesn't conform to the Church's rules is seen as a threat to Salem's society. The play criticises Salem's religious intolerance, suggesting that it leads to lies and injustice.

  3. Identity and reputation - Miller demonstrates the struggle between trying to maintain a good reputation whilst acting in a way that is morally right. This conflict makes it hard for characters to be individuals.

  4. Envy and revenge - Seeking revenge and acting out a jealousy is shown to be destructive.



Sound effects and Music is an excellent way to emphasise the themes of a production and create the right mood for a performance.

Suggest Sound Efffects or Music that you think could be used and what mood it could create.

We will add the tracks to this playlist for use in our production.

TASK: Choose one of the play's themes mentioned above (Fear / Intolerance / Identity and reputation / Envy and revenge) and find a track of music or a sound effect on Soundcloud or YouTube that would work well for this theme in the story. Explain why it would work in our production.

Add your ideas and links in the Comments below or in Mix Up Talk.

I've added in the first track, Church Bells, which could be used to emphasise intolerance. It could be used to remind the audience that the Church rules over Salem and dominates over the town.

Lesson 4 - Plot Summary: Act One

Lesson 6 - Plot Summary: Act Three

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Excellent track Mylo, has a creepy sadness to it, will definitely be wortwhile using it in the production :)


I added this piece of music to the playlist because I believe that it really emphasizes the fear that the Salem county was faced with. It could be used to inform the audience that this period of time was very influential and that it changed the course of history. It could tell the audience that the people of Salem were forced with a very tough decision and it could also show the sadness of the victims' families. >< Dark Piano - Limbo


Perfect thanks Elizabeth!


May 01, 2020

that's from Elizabeth


May 01, 2020

here is a scream sound affect that I think shows FEAR.

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